Raga Labs Guidelines for Video Shoot and Editing
1. Discuss with the Facilitator(s) and understand the script and screenplay. Pay attention to any special shots required.
2. Ensure that the draft or final audio is available and go through it
3. Ensure that all participants are given enough importance and are covered from all possible angles
4. Ensure solo and combination shots for all participants as per requirement. Check these sample videos Madhava Lokanam and Bruhi Mukundethi
Some examples of outdoor videos are: Emayya Rama, Palu Vicharamulela and Dadra-Javali Mashup
5. Ensure that the all participants feel that they are given equal importance both during shoot as well as during editing and final product. No one should feel that they are given raw deal.
6. Have someone watch the lip syncing at the time of shoot. If this is not done properly, there is no way to correct it later during editing. We may have to remove those shots, if not done.
7. Play the audio at high volume during video shooting and let the artists do lip synching by singing at low voice at the same time not losing the feel of the song and singing.
8. After every shot please review the footage to double check if the focus was sharp throughout the shot.
9. Ensure all performers are displaying performance body language BEFORE audio starts rolling (i.e. not looking around, adjusting wardrobe, etc).
10. Ensure all performers stay on track with the playback audio (playback audio loud enough for them)
11. Avoid performers adjusting clothing, hair, etc during the performance (a lot of this be avoidable with coaching)
Guidelines for Video Shooters
1. Shoot in 24 fps (or 23.976)
2. Shoot in Video UHD (3840 x 2160) if at all possible (no lower than 1920×1080)
3. Ideally set shutter speed to half the frame rate (1/50th for 24 fps) and try not to exceed 1/200th if possible, using an ND filter to manage exposure in extremely bright conditions when possible.
4. Set exposure correctly BEFORE starting to record. Try not to adjust any exposure during the shot
5. Keep camera movements subtle and smooth (movement can always be added in post but is hard to take away). No handheld shots
6. Rack focus shots (pulling focus between different sets of performers) are a nice touch but shouldn’t lead to missing any key moments being in focus during performance
7. Wide shot can be a stationary lock-down shot, movement is not needed and can be added in post. Add 15-20% additional space to the framing to allow for flexibility in post
8. Ensure all cameras are rolling BEFORE audio starts rolling
Things to make audio synchronization faster:
1. Include count-in beeps in the audio track
2. If the audio on a performance is paused at any time during filming, cut cameras and re-start as a separate shot before re-starting audio. If audio is stopped and re-started and video isn’t, it adds time to the audio synchronization as the editor will have to manually find the point where the playback audio diverges from the video and cut the clip and move manually
3. If there is a camera situated far from the playback audio (and thus won’t be able to capture the playback audio in-camera, please do a “slate” (hand clap) in view of both the close-up camera and wide camera (if 2 cameras are used) after cameras are rolling. This will allow the wide camera to be easily synchronized visually.
Guidelines for Video Editing
1. Introduce each participant as they come in (or start singing or playing) and show the name on the screen during the initial stage.
2. Follow the template for Raga Labs for Opening and Closing slides and credits information.
3. Ensure final audio is available before starting editing. Sometimes this may not be possible, but ensure it is available after the first draft.